Minors

Biology Minor

Students from different backgrounds and in various major programs of study may have an interest in the study of living things. The design of the biology minor includes lower division courses covering the structure, functioning and interactions of living things. The upper division electives cluster offers a variety of courses that deal with living things at different levels of organization. For instance, there are courses that mainly address biological processes within living things (e.g. Biotechnology, Plant Physiology), course that mainly address organism diversity (e.g. courses with the ‘ology’ suffix) and courses that mainly address interactions between organisms and the environment (e.g. courses with ‘ecology’ in the title). With this variety of courses in the upper division cluster, students can choose courses that complement their major program of study.

The minor consists of at least 21 credits; four foundational courses and two upper division electives. The upper division electives used for this minor cannot be used to fulfill requirements for any other program of study. All prerequisites to foundation and electives courses apply. Students applying for this minor should have earned an overall GPA of 2.0 or higher and be in good academic standing within their individual major.

Core Courses:

 

BIO 101: Biology I

 

BIO 102: Biology II

 

BIO 210: General Ecology

 

 

Choose one of the following:

 

Please Note: This course cannot be used to meet any core or restricted elective

 

requirement for the student's other programs of study

 

BIO 204: Plant Biology

 

BIO 205: Animal Biology

 

BIO 225: Genetics

 

BIO 230: Comparative Vertebrate Anatomy

 

 

Upper Division Elective (Choose two of the following):

 

Please Note: These two courses cannot be used to meet any core or restricted

 

elective requirements for the student's other programs of study including minors

 

BIO 410: Animal Behavior

 

CHM 330: Biochemistry

 

BIO 310: Biologic Effects of Environ Toxins

 

BIO 455: Biotechnology

 

ENV 330: Conservation Biology

 

BIO 361: Entomology

 

BIO 375: Environmental Microbiology

 

BIO 320: Evolution

 

BIO 366: Herpetology

 

BIO 362: Ichthyology

 

BIO 364: Ornithology

 

BIO 472: Paleoecology

 

BIO 355: Plant Physiology

 

BIO 499: Special Topics in Biology

 

BIO 476: Winter Ecology

 

BIO 363: Mammalogy

 

NRS 432: Landscape Ecology

 

 

Chemistry Minor

Chemistry courses include laboratory skills that are not typically taught in other PSC science courses. The lower division courses for this minor provide a foundation in both physical and organic chemistry. Students then choose one upper division chemistry course to gain specific expertise. The upper division chemistry courses each have a different focus, making them attractive to students from different disciplines.

The minor consists of 5 courses (19-20 credits); four foundational courses and one upper division chemistry elective. All prerequisites to foundation and electives courses apply. Students applying for this minor should have earned an overall GPA of 2.0 or higher and be in good academic standing within their individual major.

PLEASE NOTE: STUDENTS MUST FORMALLY APPLY FOR THE CHEMISTRY MINOR

Core Courses:

 

CHM 141: Chemistry I

 

CHM 142: Chemistry II

 

CHM 241: Organic Chemistry I

 

CHM 242: Organic Chemistry II

 

 

Choose one of the following::

 

CHM 310: Environmental Chemistry

 

CHM 330: Biochemistry

 

CHM 399: Analytical Methods in Environmental Research

Craft Beer Studies and Management Minor

The Craft Beer Studies and Management minor requires the completion of 21credit hours.

Core Courses:

 

FSN 110: Food Science

 

HOS 315: Practical Brewing

 

HOS 318: The Business of Craft Beer

 

MKT 200: Principles of Marketing

 

MKT 305: Advertising and Promotion

Electives - Choose 2 of the following (6 credits total):

 

HOS 310: Beverages: History of the World in Six Glasses

 

HOS 320: Festival and Major Event Management

 

MGT 101: Introduction to Entrepreneurship

 

SOC 302: The Culture of Food

Entrepreneurial Business Minor

The Entrepreneurial Business minor requires the completion of 18 credit hours, consisting of 12 credits in foundation courses and two business electives (at least one course needs to be upper division - 300/400 level). The minor will be awarded with the diploma as an annotation to the transcript, providing that the student has at least a 2.0 GPA in the minor course requirements. All prerequisites to foundation and required courses apply. Elective choices cannot be courses already being required for the student's program of study.

Core Courses:

 

ACC 101: Financial Accounting

 

MKT 200 Principles of Marketing

 

MGT 210 Entrepreneurship Systems, Resources & Policies

 

MGT 200 Principles of Management

 

 

Elective (two of the following - at least one course needs to be upper division - 300/400 level):

 

ACC 102: Managerial Accounting

 

COM 201: Interpersonal Communication

 

ECN 200: Principles of Economics

 

MGT 101: Introduction to Entrepreneurship

 

MGT 250: Sustainable Practices in Entrepreneurship

 

PSY 110: Organizational Behavior

 

ACC 301: Small Business Accounting

 

COM 305: Change Management

 

COM 310: Facilitation and Reporting

 

COM 320: Creating and Communicating Value

 

FIN 310: Finance

 

MGT 306: Business Ethics and Decision Making

 

MGT 320: The Family Enterprise

 

MGT 330: Project Management

 

MKT 305: Advertising and Promotion

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Environmental Communications Minor

The Environmental Communication minor offers students the opportunity to develop skills in communicating the critical and challenging issues involving the integrity of the natural world and the human practices, policies and traditions that affect it. The program serves the needs of students aiming at writing for the public about environmental challenges confronting our planet. Students will gain competence in reporting and science news writing, feature writing, and essay writing and storytelling. The program builds skill in the entire writing process, from topic generation to drafting, revision, editing and proofing.

Please note that students must have completed a Communication Foundation and one Communication Structural experience prior to being accepted into the minor.

 

COM 216: Mass Communication

 

COM 340: Report & Writing Environmental News

 

ENG 400: Writing on Nature and the Environment

Choose one (1) of the following:

 

EST 200: Introduction to Nature and Culture or

 

POL 202: Politics of the Environment

Environmental Issues Elective - Choose one (1):

 

EST 200: Nature and Culture

 

EST 300: Ecological Change & Society

 

EST 310: Environmental History & Social Justice

 

EST 320: Global Environmental Studies Seminar

 

POL 202: Politics of the Environment

 

ENV 455: Sustainable Development

Communication Methods Elective - Choose one (1):

 

COM 220: New Media Tools: Various Topics

 

ENG 105: Food Writing

 

HUM 105: Art of Film

 

HUM 135: Photography

 

HUM 150: Survey of Art: Various Topics

 

HUM 200: Studio Art Courses

18 total credits required for the minor

Environmental Studies Minor

The Environmental Studies minor is attractive to students in baccalaureate programs who wish to gain an enriched understanding of critical environmental issues and their socio-cultural implications. Forestry, Natural Resources and Recreation students might desire additional courses in the humanities and social sciences to supplement their technical degrees. An Environmental Studies minor could be a valuable addition to a Hospitality or Culinary Arts student interested in ecotourism, green management, or the environmental dimensions of the culinary sector. Similarly, science and business majors could benefit from an Environmental Studies minor to provide critical cultural and historical context to their program studies.

1. EST 200: Nature and Culture

2. POL 202: Politics of the Environment

3. Choose one:

 

EST 300: Ecological Change and Society

 

ENV 455: Sustainable Development

4. Choose three of the following

 

ENG 340: Contemporary Environmental Writers*

 

EST 310: Environmental History of Social Justice

 

EST 320: Global Environmental Studies Seminar*

 

INT 362: Interdisciplinary Field Studies

 

HUM 400: Nature and Art

 

HUM 300: Philosophy of Nature*

 

NRS 410: Natural Resource Economics

 

SOC 302: The Culture of Food

* course has pre-requisites

18 total credits required for minor

Forestry Minor

Forestry is one of the signature programs at Paul Smith’s.  The Forestry Minor, consisting of 5 courses (21 credits) plus the summer forestry block, provides students in other programs the opportunity to get a basic education in forestry.  Anyone seeking employment in the woods (environmental scientists, biologists, wildlife managers, natural resource managers, etc.) can broaden their training and learn about the multiple uses of forests through the Forestry Minor.

PLEASE NOTE: STUDENTS MUST FORMALLY APPLY FOR THE FORESTRY MINOR

Core Courses:

 

FOR 101: Introduction to Forestry

 

FOR 110: Dendrology

 

GIS 220: Geospatial Information Technology for Forestry

 

SRV 201: Field Surveying

 

FOR 206: Forest Production Process

 

FOR 240: Forest Mensuration I

Choose two of the following::

 

FOR 310: Forest Ecology

 

FOR 330: Soils and Hydrology

 

FOR 350: Forest Policy

 

FOR 260: Silviculture

 

FOR 280: Woodlot Management

 

NRS 340: Watershed Management

Geographic Information Systems Minor

Geographic Information Systems (GIS) and related techniques for spatial data collection and analysis are increasingly important tools in forestry, recreation, natural resources, environmental science, and related disciplines. The GIS Minor is designed to allow students currently enrolled in other programs to develop and demonstrate their skills in this important area. Minors can only be pursued and earned in conjunction with a degree program. They cannot be earned after completion of the degree; they must be earned prior to or at the same time.

A minimum of 18 credit hours is required to complete this program, but several of the required courses or restricted electives have prerequisites, so students starting with no applicable college-level course credits will typically have to complete a minimum of 22 credit hours.

Program Requirements:

Required Courses

 

GIS 201: Introduction to GIS

GIS 420: GIS Applications

GIS 335: Advanced GIS Techniques

Restricted Elective

GIS 230: GIT for Forestry OR

SRV 210: Photogrammetry OR GIS 350: Introduction to Remote Sensing

Restricted Elective

 

Restricted Electives (choose 3 courses)

FOR 241: Forest Mensuration

SRV 100: Surveying I: Fundamentals of Surveying

FOR 245: Forest Measurements

SRV 101: Surveying II: Surveying Automation

FOR 340: Forest Management

SRV 220: CAD I: Fundamentals of CAD

GIS 260: Geodesy, GPS & GIS

SRV 221: CAD II: Surveying Applications

GIS 350: Introduction to Remote Sensing

SRV 240: Introduction to Field Surveying

GIS 399/GIS 499: Special Topics in GIS

SRV 245: Principles of Surveying

NRS 331: Land Use Planning

SRV 250: Topographic Surveying

NRS 340: Watershed Management

SRV 290: Problem Solving in Surveying

NRS 432: Landscape Ecology

 

Note: Course Prerequisites: Students lacking applicable college-level prerequisite courses will need to complete such courses during the first term of enrollment. Some selections from the “Restricted Electives” category may have pre-or co-requisite courses themselves. Students are advised to check catalog course descriptions and to consult with advisors before registering for any GIS course(s).

Maple Production and Products Minor

The Maple Production and Products minor requires 18 credits.

Choose one (1) of the following:

 

FOR 101: Introduction to Forestry or

 

RES 170: Food Service Sanitation

Complete each of the following:

 

FOR 275: Maple Sap and Syrup Production

 

CUL 140 Maple Sweet and Savory: Maple Uses in Culinary, Baking and Confection

 

FOR 305: Developing a Profitable Sugaring Operation

 

MKT 200: Principles of Marketing

Upper Division Electives - Choose two (2) of the following:

 

COM 320: Creating and Communicating Value

 

FOR 340: Forest Management

 

FOR 420: Advanced Silviculture

 

MGT 320: Family Enterprise

 

MGT 360: Applications in Entrepreneurship

 

MKT 305: Advertising and Promotion

 

 

Outdoor Leadership Minor

Students must formally apply for the Outdoor Leadership minor.

1. Complete the following 4 courses:

 

REC 104: Adventure Education I

 

REC 204: Adventure Education II

 

REC 120: Outdoor Recreation Leadership

 

REC 363: Outdoor Recreation Practicum

2. Complete one of the following Winter Camping Cluster options:

 

REC 420: Winter Practicum

 

OR one of the following outside program opportunities:

 

ADK Winter Mountaineering School

 

Appalachian Mountain Club Programs

 

Cornell Outdoor Education Intro to Winter Camping

 

Colorado Mountain Club Winter School

 

National Outdoor Leadership School Winter Outdoor Educator Training

 

National Outdoor Leadership School Backcountry Skiing

18 total credits required for minor

Sustainable Communities Minor

Sustainability is a common thread that runs through many of the programs at Paul Smith’s.  The Sustainable Communities Minor allows a student to demonstrate a broad knowledge of natural resources sustainability from the basics of ecological sustainability and society’s interaction with natural resources to conservation design of communities, structures, or alternative energy, and land use planning. 

Understanding sustainable practices is increasingly important in many fields including facilities management, hospitality, and business.

PLEASE NOTE: STUDENTS MUST FORMALLY APPLY FOR THE SUSTAINABLE COMMUNITIES MINOR

Core Courses:

 

SUS 120: Sustainable Community Agriculture

 

SUS 200: Conservation Design: Green Communities

 

MGT 250: Sustainable Practices Entrepreneurship

Choose two of the following:

 

SUS 350: Alternative Energy & Energy Efficiency

 

SOC 315: Community Organization and Outreach

 

SUS 310: Conservation Designs: Green Construction

 

EST 300: Ecological Change and Society

 

ENV 355: Sustainable Development

 

NRS 300: Ecological Restoration

 

SOC 302: The Culture of Food

Sustainable Practitioner Cluster - Choose one

 

ENG 105: Food Writing

 

FOR 270: Draft Horse Management

 

FOR 275 Maple Sap and Syrup Production

 

FOR 225: Greenhouse - Turf Practice

 

HOS 315: Practical Brewing

 

FOR 150: Wood Properties and Production Process

 

HUM 200: Studio Art

 

ENG 400: Writing on Nature and the Environment

 

SUS 295: Sustainable Communities Field Experience

 

NRS 300 Ecological Restoration

 

REC 320: Sustainable Nature-Based Tourism

 

EST 220: Introduction to Permaculture

Minor requires a total of 18 credits.